1. In Personam
In personam jurisdiction is jurisdiction over the defendant’s person, thus giving the court the power to render the individual personally liable. This judgment can then be sued upon in other states, and all of this individual’s assets may be seized to satisfy the judgment.
2. In Rem
In rem refers to jurisdiction over a thing, giving the court power to adjudicate a claim made about a status or piece of property. An action to pronounce a marriage dissolved or an action to quiet title to a piece of real estate are just some examples.
3. Quasi in Rem
Quasi in rem jurisdiction refers to a legal action based on property rights of a person absent from the jurisdiction. In essence, the state can assert power over an individual simply based on the fact that this individual has property (bank account, debt, share of stock, land) in the state. As such, the judgment cannot be sued upon in other states since in personam jurisdiction is unattainable. Global Business Lawyers Nevada Business Lawyers Lovaas & Lehtinen, P.C.